Assyrian lands were located in the region of the Upper Tigris river in northern Mesopotamia. The name Assyria was derived from its original capital, city of Ashur.
The Assyrian Civilization flourished around 12th century BC in Mesopotamia which today consists mainly of modern Iraq. Their Empire extended to some regions of modern Turkey and settled in some cities in Anatolia.
Assyrians played an important role in the foundation of the civilization of mankind. After the fall of the Assyrian and Babylonian empires in the seventh and sixth centuries B.C., the Assyrians became a small nation living in the lands in the Middle Eastern region and finally invaded by the Hurrians.

Assyrians were Semitic people. They were mainly involved in farming, mining and forestry, and possessed the largest army in the Middle East. They had two languages during their times: ancient Assyrian (known as Akkadian), and Modern Assyrian (or neo-syriac). They were advanced in science and mathematics and developed medical science.