Missionary Journeys Of St. Paul

Missionary Journeys of St. Paul

During one of his missionary journeys St. Paul visited Ephesus in Turkey.
He stays in the city about three years (Acts 19:1-20). In Ephesus Paul discovers twelve believers who were baptized but who did'nt as yet have God's spirit. Paul baptizes them in His name and they receive God's Holy Spirit (Acts 19:1-7).

Seven Churches of Revelation

Seven Churches of Revelation

In looking at the letters to the 7 Churches, we see the Lord speaking directly to the 7 Churches
that existed in the Holy land at the time John lived. We also see the Lord's opinion of those Churches, and what they were doing
at the time: Ephesus, Pergamon, Laodicea, Sardis, Thyatira, Smyrna, Philadelphia churches.

Biblical Sites in Turkey

Biblical sites in Turkey

Turkey is called the Other Holy Land as it has more biblical sites than any other country in the Middle East.
Antioch - the place where the followers of Jesus were first called Christians; Tarsus - where Apostle Paul was born and many others..

Hierapolis  Col. 4:13

A few miles north of Laodicea in the Lycus Valley, the ruins of Hierapolis stand along the ancient roadway connecting Laodicea to Philadelphia and Sardis to the northwest. The ruins demonstrate it was a prosperous trade center built around hot springs that were considered a source of healing power in the Roman period.

In the southwestern edge of the Phrygian territory, the city is perched 250 feet above on a natural terrace overlooking the surrounding valley. The ancient city had all the drawing points of a resort, with all the regional goods of the other regional cities: wools, dying trades and textiles.

With hot thermal springs ever present and cool mountain air to offer cold water constantly available, the dying guilds no doubt made use of these natural features required in adding color to cloth. The city also had an advantage in the bath complex, still seen on the northwestern part of the citys edge, near the northern necropolis. Some scholars compare the hot water of Hierapolis, and the cold water of Colossae to the lukewarm water of Laodicea as the background for the imagery of Rev. 3:15-16.

Hierapolis was not a great city of antiquity, but was likely a pagan cult center as demonstrated in the name, which means holy city. A Hellenistic theatre demonstrates the city existed well before the earthquake of 17 CE, when Augustus supplied some aid to restoring the city.

Inscriptions show there was a significant Jewish presence in the city. Another damaging quake came in 60 CE, affecting the Lycus cities, and requiring aid from Emperor Nero. The city may have been reached by St. Pauls ministry impact from Ephesus (Acts 19:10), but more likely came under the evangelistic preaching of Epaphras (cp. Col. 4:12-13; see Laodicea and Colossae).

Stoic philosopher Epictetus stayed in the city for some time, as did Papias. Polycrates, Bishop of Ephesus (190 CE) is quoted by Eusebius (Church History 3.31) as stating that the Apostle Philip was buried in the city, though scholars debate whether the reference is to the Apostle or the evangelist.

The site today includes two partially restored ancient baths (north and south of the city), an impressive colonnaded street, a Temple of Apollo and the Martyrium of St. Philip. The nearby hot springs at Pamukkale, or cotton castle (named because of the white calcified hot springs) are not to be missed!

Biblical Sites in Turkey List

Adramyttium Edremit Derbe Ekinozu Miletos Milet Pisidian Antioch (Yalvac)
Assos Behramkale Ephesus Selcuk Myra Demre Sardis
Attalia Antalya Hierapolis Nicea Iznik Seleucia
Cappadocia Province Iconium Konya Patara Smyrna (Izmir)
Charchemish (Jerablus) Istanbul Perga Perge Tarsus
Cnidus Laodicea Pergamum Thyatira
Colossae Honaz Lystra Philadelphia Troas (Dalyan)