Missionary Journeys Of St. Paul

Missionary Journeys of St. Paul

During one of his missionary journeys St. Paul visited Ephesus in Turkey.
He stays in the city about three years (Acts 19:1-20). In Ephesus Paul discovers twelve believers who were baptized but who did'nt as yet have God's spirit. Paul baptizes them in His name and they receive God's Holy Spirit (Acts 19:1-7).

Seven Churches of Revelation

Seven Churches of Revelation

In looking at the letters to the 7 Churches, we see the Lord speaking directly to the 7 Churches
that existed in the Holy land at the time John lived. We also see the Lord's opinion of those Churches, and what they were doing
at the time: Ephesus, Pergamon, Laodicea, Sardis, Thyatira, Smyrna, Philadelphia churches.

Biblical Sites in Turkey

Biblical sites in Turkey

Turkey is called the Other Holy Land as it has more biblical sites than any other country in the Middle East.
Antioch - the place where the followers of Jesus were first called Christians; Tarsus - where Apostle Paul was born and many others..

Ecumenical Councils Turkey Council of Chalcedon (451)

Although Pope Leo I, the Great, asked Theodosius II to summon a council for the definition of the orthodox doctrine once more, to bring an end to the ecclesiastical chaos, his request was refused. Shortly after Theodosius' death his sister Pulcheria, marrying a senator and veteran soldier Marcian (450-57), became empress and in accordance with the Pope's wish summoned a great council at the church of St. Euphemia in Chalcedon.

The participancy of some six hundred bishops at this council shows the extent of the displeasure that the Robbers Council had created in the eastern provinces. This was the greatest of the seven Ecumenical Councils, and in importance second to only the First Council of Nicaea. The council reconfirmed that Christ was a single person with two natures, one divine and one human. However, it was unable to define the relationship between the two natures which was the cause of the controversy. Thus both Nestorianism, which overstressed the human element in Christ, and Monophysitism, which overemphasized the divine at the expense of the human nature of Christ, were condemned.

The result did not satisfy either Alexandria or Antioch. Among the other decisions taken at the council - when the Roman delegates were absent - was the elevation of Constantinople to the level of Rome: 'The See of Constantinople shall enjoy equal privileges with the See of Old Rome.' This left Rome nothing but titular supremacy. In other words while the bishop of Rome might enjoy a primacy of honor in the Church universal, the bishop of Constantinople, the evident capital of what was left of the Roman empire, became his equal in authority.
This canon known as 'Canon Twenty-Eight' was strongly objected to by Rome and became one of the steps which ultimately led to the separation of the Churches of the East and West in 1054. The new position given to the church of Constantinople, combined with national and political factors, also alienated Egypt, Syria and Palestine from the empire.

Shortly after the council the Egyptian Monophysites elected their own patriarch in Alexandria, separate from the one assigned to the port by the capital, and took the first step for the foundation of the Egyptian Church which would be known as the Coptic Church. When the Moslem armies who believed in the single Person of Allah arrived in the seventh century, the Coptic Church readily submitted to them.

Ecumenical Councils Turkey
First Council of Nicaea  (325)
First Council of Constantinople  (381)
Council of Ephesus  (431)
Council of Chalcedon  (451)
Second Council of Constantinople  (553)
Third Council of Constantinople  (680-1)
Second Council of Nicaea  (787)